Spirits & Liqueurs Cognac & Other Brandy

Everything You Need to Know About Eau-de-Vie

The delightful European fruit brandy has a long history.

In black and white, crystal clear eau-de-vie pours from a thin spout into a metal dish with a hole in the center.
Image: Gwenvidig

Eau-de-vie—the words roll so beautifully off the tongue, a sound both sophisticated and slightly complicated. It refers to a category of brandy that is unaged and distilled from any fruit other than grapes. French for “water for life,” eau-de-vie is historically significant to European drinking culture. And while France is revered as the motherland of modern-day brandy, high-quality eau-de-vie also comes from Southern Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Northern Italy and even the Balkans.

As for raw materials that can be distilled, the sky’s the limit. That being said, the usual suspects of traditional eaux-de-vie include pear (Poire Williams), yellow plum (mirabelle), raspberry (framboise), apricot (blume marillen), cherry (kirsch), apple (pomme) and peach (pêche). Depending on the fruit, there are two methods of production. One way is for the fruit to be crushed and fermented into cider before going through distillation—for stone fruit, the option is with or without the stones. For soft fruit with lower sugar levels like raspberry, another method is to skip fermentation and instead macerate in neutral alcohol for flavor extraction.

An elegantly curved bottle of clear pear eau-de-vie from G.E. Massenez, complete with a whole pear in it, sits next to a box with the bottle printed on it.
G.E. Massenez Poire Williams.

Liquor.com / Tim Nusog

To preserve the natural fruit characteristics, most eau-de-vie is batch-distilled in a copper pot still, typically once for macerated fruit and twice for fermented fruit. Then before bottling, the distillate is often left to “mellow” for a period, either in stainless steel tanks or glass demijohns. After that, you have a finished product that’s incredibly crisp and pure, while exemplifying the fruit from which it was made. Sip on a glass of Poire Williams, and you can almost feel the sandy grains of a pear dancing around your palate. Toss back a dram of kirsch and you can picture a cherry orchard stretching before you.

From Europe to The U.S.

Two bottles from St George Spirits stand side-by-side on a blank background. The left bottle reads Pear Brandy, the one on the right reads Raspberry Brandy.
St. George Spirits’ Pear and Raspberry Eaux-Eu-Vie.

Liquor.com / Tim Nusog

Finding a wide selection of these spirits is simple if you’re strolling through a storybook village in Alsace, France, where bottles of local eaux-de-vie are displayed in every other storefront window. Here in the U.S., it’s not always that easy. But lucky for us, eau-de-vie is no longer just a European fairy tale, as American craft distillers continue to develop their own takes on the category. The benefits are that they’re able to support local farmers while branding with labels that are easier for consumers to understand.

So we’re looking at perhaps the most diverse genre of spirits that are both fabulous to sip neat and are worthy alternatives for white-spirit cocktails. But if eau-de-vie is such a unicorn spirit, why don’t we see more of it on cocktail menus?

A Pricey Cocktail Component

A deep, dark red cocktail in a collins glass is garnished with a sprig of mint. The cocktail sits on a dark, hardwood bar.
The Diamond Claret Cup, an Eau-De-Vie Cocktail. Julie Albin

San Francisco bartender John Codd, who has graced popular cocktail lists with his innovative creations, fancies himself an enthusiast and was happy to weigh in on the matter. “I find the cost of incorporating eau-de-vie as a base spirit the most difficult,” says Codd. “Second is getting people to understand what eau-de-vie is.”

But he finds hope with stateside distilleries like St. George Spirits that produce eaux-de-vie at more reasonable price points than many of the French imports. With supply more readily available, he’s able to balance stronger eaux-de-vie with lower-proof spirits like vermouth to create well-structured cocktails. He also enjoys engaging and educating bar patrons on the true nature of eau-de-vie and nixing the misperception that it’s simply fruit liqueur. “I like to root for the underdog,” he says. “It might be a little difficult to work with sometimes, but the history and uniqueness create a secret weapon in any bartender’s arsenal.”

If you want to try your hand at making an eau-de-vie cocktail, check out Codd’s Diamond Claret Cup, made with St. George raspberry brandy, red wine, sparkling wine, lemon juice, gum syrup and grenadine.